APPARITIONS: The supernatural appearance of a deceased person or animal. It is often too distant to be in the normal range of a person’s view and is uncommon to see an appearance. A full bodied apparition shows the entire body of an animal or person. They often appear as white or various shades of whit/gray or solid black. Usually apparitions can appear to hover in the air. It is rare that an apparitions show their legs or feet.


COLD SPOT: A small defined area of intense cold (at least 10 degrees colder that the surrounding area) that can not readily be explained by other natural or mechanical causes (air conditioning, a drafty window, Ice or snow). In the paranormal research the prevailing theory is that when an entity is trying to manifest itself, it draws on many sources of energy, one of those sources is the heat energy in the air. As the entity draws the heat out of the air the area in that specific immediate location becomes unusually cold.


DEBUNK: (Debunking evidence of paranormal activity) Reported paranormal evidence or paranormal activity is said to be debunked when a simple, logical and non-paranormal explanation can account for the reported event. Even if the activity is genuinely paranormal, a simple and reasonable explanation can also be applied. Because of this ambiguity, a prudent paranormal investigator has to side with the debunking explanation until further evidence of paranormal activity can be obtained. Care has to be used since it is easy to be skeptical of any report or evidence. Usually if the non-paranormal explanation is complex or requires many assumptions, it may be over analyzing the situation.


DEMONIC HAUNTING: A haunting by a non-human entity can be very dramatic. Even a violent, demonic haunting often starts out with subtle and relatively simple paranormal activity, and then quickly increases to stronger activity. Most often affects people or families that are already under great personal stress from conditions such as alcohol or drug use, psychological or emotional problems, family or marital problems, etc. It is believed the non-human entity takes advantage of people in such weaken psychological and emotional condition. Persons who believe they, and/or their families are the subject of a demonic haunting should immediately seek both professional paranormal assistance and counseling help.


DEMONOLOGIST: A person who actively pursues demons and other non-human entities both for study and to help people rid them from their lives. Usually demonologists are very religious people. They believe strongly that only faith has the power to combat a demon. They are also usually schooled and or experienced in the fields of psychology and mental health. Important: Active pursuit of demons and demonology is not something to be tried for fun or kicks. Serious injury - both physical and mental - can occur!


EMF - Electro Magnetic Field: In its natural form, it is the natural electric field (sometimes though of an aurora) that is generated by all living things and many inanimate objects such as metals and certain minerals. EMF is also generated by non- made electric sources such as lights, radios and wires. In paranormal investigation the theory is that entities are largely composed of energy which may be electrically based. By trying to detect EMF, it may be possible to locate an otherwise unseen entity. The stronger the EMF detected, the potential is greater of paranormal phenomena.


ENTITY: A generic all-encompassing term used to describe a paranormal object/being that is presumed to be a ghost or spirit. Since no one is yet 100% sure what paranormal objects really are, the term "entity" is used as a pronoun to include any and all possible things such as ghosts, spirits, poltergeists, non-human spirits etc.


GHOST: A spirit or shade of a dead person believed to haunt people or precious habitats/locations. The realm of a living being, strongly attached to the living realm by some form of emotional force. Often ghosts do not realize that they are in fact, dead. Others live out the routine of the day they died, and continue this in a cycle. Other ghosts interact with everyday life of the living.


IMPRINT (IMPRINTING): It is theorized that events and strong feelings/emotions can leave a copy or record of themselves on places (tunnels, rooms, fields etc) and objects (furniture, buildings, personal affects etc). Most notably this occurs when a sudden and violent death occurs such as a powerful accident, a murder or other crime, a war or battle area etc. The energy that is left can result in a non-intelligent haunting, usually a residual haunting. In these cases, sometimes the event seems to be recorded on the specific location rather than a building, room or object. There have been cases reported where an imprint haunting has occurred in a building. The building is later totally demolished and a new one built (or the area just left vacant) but the haunting still continues. In the situation of imprinting on an object, the haunting can follow the object through several owners. This is often reported with items purchased at a yard sale or flea market.


IR (INFRARED): Infrared light is light from the lower end (long wavelength/low frequency) of the electromagnetic spectrum (between the visible light spectrum and microwaves). IR light is not visible to the naked human eye without the use of special equipment. IR is not to be confused with thermal imaging. While IR and thermal energy are both on the short end of the electromagnetic spectrum, they are not the same thing. There is evidence that ghosts/spirits and other paranormal entities may be more susceptible to being viewed (including video and image photography) using the IR light spectrum. IR sensors are also often used for measuring temperature and detecting movement.


"LIGHTS OUT" INVESTIGATION: A paranormal investigation, usually conducted indoors and at night, where all the light sources and other electronic devices in the building have been turned off. The equipment used for paranormal investigations is typically more sensitive at night and in the dark. Having the lights off reduces the possibility of false or misleading evidence caused by reflections and glares.


MANIFEST or MANIFESTATION: The act of an entity trying to make itself appear in our world. Entities are believed to exist mainly as energy with no physical form. When an entity is trying to make itself appear or make its presence known in our world, it is said to be manifesting itself; trying to make itself into some form of physical state.


ORBS: Orbs appear to be a form of energy of an unknown origin. An orb can take different shapes. They can also be seen by the naked eye, but most of the time you only get orb sightings in photographs, and on video tape. They seem to defy gravity and change directions quickly. They seem to also twinkle. The presence of people will make them react. They appear both indoors and outdoors. False orbs tend to be transparent and pale white, or blue. Real, genuine orbs tend to appear dense or brighter on film. To increase the probability of you getting a photograph of a genuine orb, it is good to take a photograph at the same time as other unusual phenomenon are experienced, such as sharp changes in temperature, and increases in electromagnetic energy. In a genuine orb, there is said to be a nucleus. It has concentric circles or banks within. It can be active in visible realm, but more active in infrared. They appear abundantly in supposed haunted locations. Drops of rain, specks of dust, insects, reflections, as well as many other things can be mistaken for orbs.


PARANORMAL: Events above the normal or everyday experiences. An event that cannot be readily explained by known conventional reasons and/or commonly accepted science is considered as paranormal. Not to be confused with supernatural, that implies a deity explanation.


POLTERGEIST: The term is German for "noisy ghost". It can be dependent on a certain individual or group of individuals. They usually make the biggest impact on physical objects. They tend to be temporary. In some instances a poltergeist can appear as the psychic extension of a person, usually most common in adolescent females. They tend to be mischievous and like to play pranks. More recently developed theories move away from ghost activity to the realm of spontaneous and unconscious unintended telekinesis.


RESIDUAL HAUNTING: Non conscious and unintelligent (no thought or purposely actions) usually appear as a person, but can sometimes be a group of people, an animal, or any non living thing. An example is the famous "Flying Dutchmen" legend. There are no interactions with observers. They stay in the same location, replaying the same event over and over, usually on some rhythmic cycle or pattern (though what the pattern is can be hard to determine). It sometimes causes electrical environment interference to occur. It is often compared to a video recording that automatically plays itself over and over.


SHADOWS: (Shadow Beings, Shadow Entities) Shadows refer to the possible paranormal apparition which appears as a dark human form manifestation. We say "possible" paranormal apparition since the true nature of the type of paranormal event is still unknown, and the subject of much research.


SUPERNATURAL: Events or happenings generally attributed to the will of a deity. Usually includes the concept of angels, demons/devils, and other God-like creatures.


VORTEX - Vortices, Vortexes: A concentrated, yet brief area of high electromagnetic energy often found in photographs taken at paranormally active locations. They often appear as solid (opaque) white or silver tubes, rods, or elongated ovals. They can also appear to be braided like a rope or chain (care has to be taken to ensure it is not a rope, chain, camera strap etc.) A vortex is not an entity; however, some paranormal researchers believe a vortex is a momentary doorway or portal to another realm that allows entities and other paranormal phenomena to come into our world. Some researchers also believe vortexes are linked to the earth’s own electromagnetic fields, which at least in part help determine when these portals open/close. It is also believed that some locations are more prone to having active vortices due to the alignment of the earth’s magnetic field and local geological structure. Lastly, most believe that a vortex is an orb in motion.